What Vitamins Do Mangoes Have?

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Overview

Mangoes are grown in tropical climates. In the U.S., mangoes can be found in the grocery store throughout the year because shipments come in from a number of different countries in South America and the Caribbean, according to the National Mango Board. A 1-cup serving of mango contains about 100 calories and some vitamin C, calcium, vitamin E and vitamin A.

Vitamin C

Vitamin C is an essential vitamin for humans, according to the Office of Dietary Supplements. It is a water-soluble vitamin and must be consumed regularly because it is not stored in the body. Vitamin C is needed for normal growth and development and for the synthesis of collagen, a protein found in skin, tendons and ligaments. Vitamin C is also an important antioxidant protecting cells from free radical damage. As an antioxidant, vitamin C may help protect against cardiovascular disease and cancer, according to the Office of Dietary Supplements. Adult men need 90 mg of vitamin C a day and adult women need 75 mg. A 1-cup serving of mango provides 45 mg.

Folate

Mangoes also contain folate, or vitamin B-9. This vitamin plays an important role in helping your body produce proteins and DNA -- the building blocks of newborn cells. For this reason, getting enough folate is especially important for expectant mothers, because they need to meet the needs of the developing baby's rapidly-dividing cells. A cup of mango provides 71 micrograms of folate, or 18 percent of the folate you need each day.

Vitamin E

Vitamin E is a fat-soluble vitamin. It helps immune function and is an important antioxidant. Most Americans do not get enough vitamin E in their diet, according to the Office of Dietary Supplements. Adults need 15 mg of vitamin E a day. A 1-cup serving of mango provides 1.85 mg.

Vitamin A

Vitamin A is important for vision, bone growth and reproduction. It also plays a role in cell division and differentiation, according to the Office of Dietary Supplements. Vitamin A deficiencies are rarely seen in the United States, but poor vitamin A intakes can lead to night blindness and a decreased ability to fight infections. Mangoes are an excellent source of vitamin A, according to the National Mango Board. A 1-cup serving of mango provides 63 mcg RAE, or Retinol Active Equivalents accounting for the biologically active vitamin A as a retinol or a carotenoid. Adult men need 900 mcg RAE of vitamin A per day and adult women need 700 mcg RAE.

Aloe Vera Gel Vs. Juice

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The lily of the desert, the aloe vera plant, is a plant with topical and oral value. Both the gel and the juice are beneficial, but come from different parts of the plant and have specific and vastly different uses. Talk to a trusted health care adviser before using aloe vera as an oral or topical medicine.

Aloe Vera Gel

The central portion of aloe vera leaves contains a clear gel that is often used as a topical ointment. The gel makes a skin-soothing salve for sunburns and is a remedy for minor cuts and burns as well. In fact, the University of Maryland Medical Center, or UMMC, reports that active compounds in aloe vera gel known as glycoproteins and polysaccharides may reduce pain and inflammation while stimulating skin growth and healing. Other uses for aloe vera gel include treating psoriasis and genital herpes.

Aloe Vera Juice

Aloe vera juice is derived from the outer parts of the leaf and is consumed orally as a health tonic. The same skin-healing substances that exist in the gel are present in the juice and have immune-system enhancing effects.The National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine reports that aloe vera juice is used to treat asthma, epilepsy, diabetes and osteoarthritis. And while more research is needed to determine its effects as a diabetes treatment, the UMMC notes that preliminary evidence shows it has a blood-sugar lowering effect on type-2 diabetics. Additionally, the skin of the aloe leaf yields a bitter liquid that is a potent laxative.

Side Effects

As a laxative, aloe vera juice causes bothersome cramping and discomfort, which is why other herbal laxatives are preferred for this use. The juice may also interact with certain medications, such as diabetes drugs. Aloe vera gel is generally safe, and is not linked to any significant side effects. To avoid irritation, however, you should never apply the gel to open wounds.

Uses and Forms

Although aloe vera is a common ingredient in commercial skin-care products, you can purchase your own plant and extract the juice and gel by simply breaking the leaves to access the inner components. Other forms you might experiment with include capsules, tablets and creams, which are available over the counter at health food stores and pharmacies.